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India fully committed to Kartarpur Sahib corridor wants work to be completed

first_img Kartarpur talks today, Delhi says looking forward to it Gurdwara Kartarpur Sahib is located in town by the same name Kartarpur (Ravi) in Pakistan. Seen from nearest town on the Indian side of the border is Dera Baba Nanak in the district of Gurdaspur in Punjab. (Express photo by Jaipal Singh)The External Affairs Ministry Thursday said India is fully committed to the Kartarpur Sahib corridor project and wants the work to be completed expeditiously. Pakistan increases land allotted to Kartarpur Gurdwara from 3 to 42 acres More Explained Advertising Advertising Virat Kohli won’t have a say in choosing new coach Related News By PTI |New Delhi | Published: July 11, 2019 8:05:28 pm India, Pakistan move closer on Kartarpur corridor, pro-Khalistan leader dropped from panel Pakistan has also been urged to build a similar bridge on their side that will provide safe and secure movement of the pilgrims and also address concerns regarding flooding, according to the sources.The passenger terminal building is being constructed by the Land Ports Authority of India. The work for it was awarded to the Shapoorji Pallonji Group on May 29.The land acquisition process has been completed with the support of the Punjab government and the project is scheduled to be completed by October 31. The total cost of the project is Rs 177.5 crores.The four-lane highway connecting the ‘zero point’ of the Kartarpur corridor up to National Highway-354 is being constructed by the National Highway Authority of India (NHAI), the sources said.In November 2018, Pakistan agreed to set up the border-crossing linking Gurdwara Darbar Sahib in Kartarpur, the final resting place of Sikh faith founder Guru Nanak, to Dera Baba Nanak in Punjab’s Gurdaspur district.Kartarpur is located in Pakistan’s Narowal district across the Ravi river, about four km from Dera Baba Nanak.Vice President M Venkaiah Naidu and Punjab Chief Minister Amarinder Singh had, on November 26 last year, laid the foundation stone of the Kartarpur corridor in Gurdaspur district. Best Of Express “Our desire to have talks basically conveys that whatever the differences are, we will have talks and we will take up those matters with Pakistan when we meet them up on 14th of this month,” Kumar added.India had earlier conveyed its strong concerns to Pakistan over the presence of a leading Khalistani separatist in a committee appointed by Islamabad on the Kartarpur project.Issues related to providing facilities to pilgrims, including allowing a larger number of pilgrims to move across the corridor, and other modalities for the project will be further discussed at a meeting on July 14, sources said here. Three rounds of technical level discussions have been held with the Pakistani side and they have been asked not to create structures that will, in any manner, endanger life and property on the Indian side due to flooding, the sources said.India is already building a bridge on its side to provide all-weather connectivity for the Kartarpur corridor, they said. Kartarpur Corridor: 54 immigration kiosks, seating for 2,000 part of passenger complex plan Two days later, the Pakistani prime minister laid the foundation stone of the corridor in Narowal, around 125 km from Lahore. The assertion came after a section of media reported that India is lagging behind in the construction of the Kartarpur corridor.“We are fully committed to this project and want it to be expeditiously completed,” Ministry of External Affairs Spokesperson Raveesh Kumar said at the weekly media briefing.He said the government is aware of the sentiments of people and pilgrims for the Kartarpur Sahib. Kumar said the work on two important aspects— the state of the art passenger terminal and the four-lane highway which is going to connect the zero point of the Kartarpur corridor to the national highway— will be completed in time.“One (should be completed) by September 2019 and the other by October 2019. So the reports that we are slow on work is not the correct depiction,” Kumar said.The first meeting to finalise the modalities for the corridor took place on the Indian side of the Attari-Wagah border on March 14.A meeting will be held on the Pakistan side of the Wagah border on July 14. After Masood Azhar blacklisting, more isolation for Pakistan Taking stock of monsoon rain Advertising Karnataka trust vote today: Speaker’s call on resignations, says SC, but gives rebel MLAs a shield Post Comment(s)last_img read more

Meet the engineering professor who got Taiwanese voters to support nuclear power

first_imgA reactor of the Taiwan Power Co. No. 2 nuclear power plant in Wanli Country * Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard Island and McDonald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin (French part) Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Vietnam Virgin Islands, British Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe Email By Andrew SilverNov. 27, 2018 , 12:50 PM Meet the engineering professor who got Taiwanese voters to support nuclear power Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Countrycenter_img Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*) TAIPEI—Taiwanese voters have rejected the island’s policy to phase out nuclear energy. In a referendum held on Saturday, 59% of voters supported overturning legislation enacted last year that would end all use of nuclear power by 2025.Taiwan’s three nuclear reactors provided 8.3% of its electricity in 2017, according to the Ministry of Economic Affairs. The Democratic Progressive Party (DPP), which controls both the presidency and the legislature, had hoped to take nuclear power out of the mix by increasing the share of renewable sources in power generation to 20% by 2025; 50% would come from liquefied natural gas (LNG) and 30% from coal. But pro-nuclear advocates gathered more than 290,000 valid signatures in favor of a referendum on removing the nuclear phaseout clause from the books—enough for the referendum to proceed.Science spoke with Min Lee, a nuclear engineering professor at National Tsing Hua University in Hsinchu, Taiwan, and one of the referendum’s co-organizers. This interview has been edited for clarity and length. Maurice Tsai/Bloomberg/Getty Images Q: Were you surprised by the outcome?A: A little bit. We needed about 5 million votes to pass the referendum, and I thought we would only pass by a small margin. But it turns out we got almost 6 million. I’m happy because what we’re trying to do is show the government that a nuclear-free homeland is not the consensus of society.Q: What made you decide to become politically active in support of nuclear energy?A: My expertise is nuclear engineering and my specialty is reactor safety. I think I know nuclear power. When the DPP came into power in 2016, they said all nuclear power plants would be phased out. We cannot make it without nuclear power, so I decided maybe we should do something about it. Colleagues and I wrote many articles to remind the government that nuclear power is important to Taiwan. But they didn’t pay attention, so I decided to organize a public referendum.Q: Why do you think Taiwan cannot make it without nuclear power?A: The government says we are going to have 20% renewable energy. I don’t think we can make it, because Taiwan is a highly populated island, and for renewable energy you need large pieces of land. But even if we succeed, what are you going to use for the remaining 80%? Coal is considered a highly polluted fuel; people don’t like coal at all. That leaves only LNG. But Taiwan is an island, so we have to rely on ships, LNG terminals, and a big tank to store LNG. It’s not safe. If anything happened, we could easily be left without gas and we could face the problem of power shortages. And the price of LNG is not stable—it fluctuates a lot—so the price of electricity is not going to be stable.Q: Hundreds of academics wrote a letter urging the public to vote “no” on your referendum. They argued nuclear power is unsafe and there is no long-term solution to nuclear waste. How would you respond?A: I think nuclear power is safe, even after the Three Mile Island accident, Chernobyl, and Fukushima. The Three Mile Island accident happened 40 years ago [in Pennsylvania]; the nuclear industry really made a lot of changes since then. The Chernobyl reactor [in what is now Ukraine] used a different design than the light-water reactor designs we use in Taiwan; what happened in Chernobyl will not happen here. As to the nuclear power plant in Fukushima, [Japan,] it was not damaged by the earthquake, it was the tsunami. The Tokyo Electric Power Company really did not pay enough attention to plant safety related to the tsunami. And we don’t think nuclear power plants in Taiwan could be hit by a tsunami of the same magnitude because the height of a tsunami is maximal if seismic faults are parallel to the coast, as they were in Fukushima. Faults near Taiwan are instead at an angle to the coast.Talking about nuclear waste, there is low-level and high-level waste. We really do not have much high-level nuclear waste, we only have spent fuel, but it is all on-site. We can have interim storage for spent fuel in a dry cask. So, it’s not a problem either.Q: Now that the referendum result is out, what’s next?A: If the government doesn’t do anything, we will push for another public referendum to request that the government commercialize the fourth nuclear power plant. We hope it can be on the ballot during the 2020 presidential election.last_img read more

This cuckoo catfish tricks other fish into raising its headchomping young

first_img Roberto Nistri/Alamy Stock Photo Country * Afghanistan Aland Islands Albania Algeria Andorra Angola Anguilla Antarctica Antigua and Barbuda Argentina Armenia Aruba Australia Austria Azerbaijan Bahamas Bahrain Bangladesh Barbados Belarus Belgium Belize Benin Bermuda Bhutan Bolivia, Plurinational State of Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba Bosnia and Herzegovina Botswana Bouvet Island Brazil British Indian Ocean Territory Brunei Darussalam Bulgaria Burkina Faso Burundi Cambodia Cameroon Canada Cape Verde Cayman Islands Central African Republic Chad Chile China Christmas Island Cocos (Keeling) Islands Colombia Comoros Congo Congo, the Democratic Republic of the Cook Islands Costa Rica Cote d’Ivoire Croatia Cuba Curaçao Cyprus Czech Republic Denmark Djibouti Dominica Dominican Republic Ecuador Egypt El Salvador Equatorial Guinea Eritrea Estonia Ethiopia Falkland Islands (Malvinas) Faroe Islands Fiji Finland France French Guiana French Polynesia French Southern Territories Gabon Gambia Georgia Germany Ghana Gibraltar Greece Greenland Grenada Guadeloupe Guatemala Guernsey Guinea Guinea-Bissau Guyana Haiti Heard Island and McDonald Islands Holy See (Vatican City State) Honduras Hungary Iceland India Indonesia Iran, Islamic Republic of Iraq Ireland Isle of Man Israel Italy Jamaica Japan Jersey Jordan Kazakhstan Kenya Kiribati Korea, Democratic People’s Republic of Korea, Republic of Kuwait Kyrgyzstan Lao People’s Democratic Republic Latvia Lebanon Lesotho Liberia Libyan Arab Jamahiriya Liechtenstein Lithuania Luxembourg Macao Macedonia, the former Yugoslav Republic of Madagascar Malawi Malaysia Maldives Mali Malta Martinique Mauritania Mauritius Mayotte Mexico Moldova, Republic of Monaco Mongolia Montenegro Montserrat Morocco Mozambique Myanmar Namibia Nauru Nepal Netherlands New Caledonia New Zealand Nicaragua Niger Nigeria Niue Norfolk Island Norway Oman Pakistan Palestine Panama Papua New Guinea Paraguay Peru Philippines Pitcairn Poland Portugal Qatar Reunion Romania Russian Federation Rwanda Saint Barthélemy Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Saint Kitts and Nevis Saint Lucia Saint Martin (French part) Saint Pierre and Miquelon Saint Vincent and the Grenadines Samoa San Marino Sao Tome and Principe Saudi Arabia Senegal Serbia Seychelles Sierra Leone Singapore Sint Maarten (Dutch part) Slovakia Slovenia Solomon Islands Somalia South Africa South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands South Sudan Spain Sri Lanka Sudan Suriname Svalbard and Jan Mayen Swaziland Sweden Switzerland Syrian Arab Republic Taiwan Tajikistan Tanzania, United Republic of Thailand Timor-Leste Togo Tokelau Tonga Trinidad and Tobago Tunisia Turkey Turkmenistan Turks and Caicos Islands Tuvalu Uganda Ukraine United Arab Emirates United Kingdom United States Uruguay Uzbekistan Vanuatu Venezuela, Bolivarian Republic of Vietnam Virgin Islands, British Wallis and Futuna Western Sahara Yemen Zambia Zimbabwe This two-stage ability for the fish to invade sets them apart from parasitic birds, says Sheena Cotter, an evolutionary ecologist at the University of Lincoln in the United Kingdom who was not involved in the work. “That definitely doesn’t happen in birds.”This ability of catfish young to survive on their own also suggests the catfish—unlike the cuckoo—has not yet fully evolved a dependence on the cichlid to raise its young, Reichard and his colleagues write. The tendency for the cichlids to take in catfish young may have even encouraged the evolution of this dependency in the first place, they add.These papers should encourage researchers to look for more examples of brood parasitism, Cotter says. “It’s entirely possible you can get this happening in other systems.” Email Click to view the privacy policy. Required fields are indicated by an asterisk (*) Sign up for our daily newsletter Get more great content like this delivered right to you! Country Those differences are bad news for the young cichlids, who start to hatch just about the time the catfish embryos need to start to feed. The catfish intruders use their wide jaws and extra teeth to devour the new hatchings headfirst. If the catfish run out of cichlid hatchlings, they start to chow down on each other.Meanwhile, another team has discovered that bigger eggs and faster development give the young catfish a second advantage. Martin Reichard, a biologist at the Czech Academy of Sciences Institute of Vertebrate Biology in Brno, and his colleagues found that catfish eggs that were rejected or missed by the cichlid parent end up hatching and developing just fine outside the cichlid’s mouth. But when the cichlid mom lets her brood out while she feeds, the young catfish can jump inside when she scoops her fry back up, Reichard’s team reports in the same issue of the journal. The cuckoo catfish is a deadbeat parent, leaving care of its young to others. This cuckoo catfish tricks other fish into raising its head-chomping young By Elizabeth PennisiMar. 22, 2019 , 9:00 AM Like the cuckoo bird it shares a name with, the cuckoo catfish shirks its parental duties. The East African lake swimmer abandons its eggs to the care of other species. Now, researchers have learned how it pulls off this trick, and how its offspring get in on the action.More than 90 species of birds, including cuckoos, are “brood parasites.” They don’t build their own nests; instead, they rely on other birds to care for their young. But the cuckoo catfish (Synodontis multipunctatus) seems to be the only other vertebrate with this strategy. In East Africa’s Lake Tanganyika, the catfish has a very particular target: thick-lipped cichlid fish that use their mouths as nurseries to raise their young. When the cichlid lays her own eggs, which she then scoops into her mouth, riotous catfish couples sneak under her to lay and fertilize their own eggs at the same spot. In the chaos created, the cichlid scoops up both her eggs and theirs.Last year, researchers showed that some cichlid moms are smart enough to avoid picking up the catfish eggs. Now, those same researchers—along with a second team—have shown how the catfish are fighting back. In their laboratory at the University of Colorado in Boulder, evolutionary ecologist Marcus Cohen and his colleagues compared the development of the catfish and the cichlid eggs. Catfish eggs developed faster, hatched sooner, and were bigger than cichlid eggs laid at the same time, which puts the catfish young at an evolutionary advantage, Cohen’s team will report next month in the Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B.last_img read more

BJP goons threatening our Tripura panchayat poll candidates CPIM

first_imgBy PTI |New Delhi | Updated: July 12, 2019 10:27:08 pm Related News P Jayarajan — The forever rebel Post Comment(s) BJP received Rs 915 cr corporate funding between FY 2016-17 and FY 2017-18, says ADR report CPI(M), CPI(M) Tripura panchayat poll candidates, CPI(M) candidates threatened, BJP, CPI(M)- BJP, Tripura panchayat poll,  Indian Express news For the elections on July 27, there are now 306 candidates of the Left Front in the fray out of 6,111 seats, for the panchayat samiti there are 56 candidates in the field out of 419 seats, and in the zilla parishad there are 67 Left Front candidates for the 116 seats, the party said. (File)The CPI(M) Friday claimed their candidates for the upcoming panchayat poll in Tripura on July 27 were being “threatened” and “attacked” by BJP “goons”. “It may be recalled that the BJP had loudly protested the rigging of panchayat elections in West Bengal and had gone to the Supreme Court regarding the matter. It is doing precisely this in a heightened manner in Tripura under its state government.“The Polit Bureau condemns the BJP’s authoritarian and anti-democratic tactics in Tripura which have made a travesty of the democratic exercise of panchayat elections,” it said. Best Of Express After Masood Azhar blacklisting, more isolation for Pakistan center_img Karnataka trust vote today: Speaker’s call on resignations, says SC, but gives rebel MLAs a shield The party said during the nomination period from July 1 to 8 candidates of the CPI(M) and other opposition parties were prevented from collecting and filing nomination papers by armed gangs of the BJP.“Bike-borne hoodlums of the BJP were stationed before the election offices so that no opposition candidate could collect or submit nomination papers. In most of the places, the police were just onlookers.“Physical attacks on prospective candidates and attacks on CPI(M) offices and leaders such as on the North Tripura District Committee and sub-divisional office in Dharmanagar were resorted to, creating an atmosphere of fear and intimidation,” a statement from the Left party said. The party claimed in this situation 121 CPI(M) candidates were forced to withdraw their nomination papers on the last day of withdrawal — July 11.“As a result of this terror campaign, after the last date of withdrawal, over 90 percent of the seats in the panchayat samitis and gram panchayats have gone uncontested to the BJP,” the statement said.For the elections on July 27, there are now 306 candidates of the Left Front in the fray out of 6,111 seats, for the panchayat samiti there are 56 candidates in the field out of 419 seats, and in the zilla parishad there are 67 Left Front candidates for the 116 seats, the party said.The CPI(M) accused the BJP of repeating what it did in the by-elections to the three-tier panchayats held in September 2018, wherein 96 per cent of the seats the BJP won Advertising Advertising Virat Kohli won’t have a say in choosing new coach Kerala local body bypoll results: LDF wins 22 of 44 seats, BJP just five seats last_img read more

Chinas war on air pollution is leading to rise of ozone pollution

first_img Source:https://www.seas.harvard.edu/news/2018/12/china-s-war-on-particulate-air-pollution-is-causing-more-severe-ozone-pollution Reviewed by Kate Anderton, B.Sc. (Editor)Jan 1 2019In early 2013, the Chinese government declared a war on air pollution and began instituting stringent policies to regulate the emissions of fine particulate matter, a pollutant known as PM 2.5. Cities restricted the number of cars on the road, coal-fired power plants reduced emissions or were shuttered and replaced with natural gas. Over the course of five years, PM 2.5 concentrations in eastern China have fallen nearly 40 percent.The number of air quality monitoring stations across the country has grown to over 1,000, collecting unprecedented amounts of environmental data. Sifting through that data, researchers from the John A. Paulson School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) and the Nanjing University of Information Science & Technology (NUIST), found something surprising: While PM 2.5 pollution is falling, harmful ground-level ozone pollution is on the rise, especially in large cities.Related StoriesAir pollution associated with high risks for birth defectsPM2.5 exposure before and after birth associated with reduction in fundamental cognitive abilitiesIncreased air pollution could reduce health benefits of living in walkable neighborhoodsAs it turns out, when it comes to the war on air pollution, chemistry is a formidable foe.Ozone is the main ingredient in smog and has been studied since it began choking cities in the U.S. in the early 1950s. Ozone is formed through a series of chemical reactions, starting with the oxidation of volatile organic compounds (VOCs). This reaction forms chemical radicals, which drives reactions among oxides of nitrogen (NOx) and VOCs to produce ozone in the presence of sunlight. Both NOx and VOCs are emitted from fossil fuel combustion, and VOCs can also be emitted from industrial sources.The researchers from SEAS and NUIST found that particulate matter acts like a sponge for the radicals needed to generate ozone pollution, sucking them up and preventing them from producing ozone.”There was so much particulate matter in Chinese cities that it stunted the ozone production,” said Daniel Jacob, the Vasco McCoy Family Professor of Atmospheric Chemistry and Environmental Engineering, and co-corresponding author of the study.But the rapid reduction of PM 2.5 dramatically altered the chemistry of the atmosphere, leaving more radicals available to produce ozone.”We haven’t observed this happening anywhere else because no other country has moved this quickly to reduce particulate matter emissions,” said Jacob. “It took China four years to do what took 30 years in the U.S.”Despite this rapid reduction, China still has a long way to go to meet its air quality goals.”As PM 2.5 levels continue to fall, ozone is going to keep getting worse,” said Ke Li, a postdoctoral fellow at SEAS and first author of the study. “Results from this study suggest that extra efforts are needed to reduce NOx and VOC emissions in order to stem the tide of ozone pollution,” said Hong Liao at NUIST who is the co-corresponding author of this work.last_img read more

CMV vaccine provides a new way to fight malaria

first_imgReviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Jan 24 2019Early research on a new approach to protecting against malaria is offering promising, potentially long-lasting results against the persistent parasite that sickens hundreds of millions people each year.The approach uses a cytomegalovirus-based platform that’s already being used in vaccines being developed to battle HIV and tuberculosis. This new vaccine reduced the malaria-causing parasite’s release from the liver and into the blood of infected rhesus macaques by 75 to 80 percent, reports a paper published in the journal PLOS ONE.”The problem with most vaccines is that their effectiveness is often short-lived,” said the study’s lead author, Klaus Früh, Ph.D., of OHSU’s Vaccine & Gene Therapy Institute and a professor of molecular and cellular biosciences at the OHSU School of Medicine. “Our cytomegalovirus-based vaccine platform can create and keep immunity for life. With further research and development, it could offer a lifetime of protection against malaria.”Malaria is a serious and sometimes fatal disease caused by Plasmodium parasites, which are spread to humans through mosquito bites. It can cause high fevers, shaking chills, flu-like illness and, in the worst cases, death. Worldwide, 216 million people were infected with malaria in 2016, leading to 445,000 deaths. The vast majority of infections occur in Africa.The decades-long search for an effective malaria vaccine has been challenging. The World Health Organization is using one vaccine – known as RTS,S/AS01 or by its brand name, Mosquirix – as part of new, routine vaccination programs in three African countries. But RTS,S has been shown to only reduce malaria transmission in kids – in whom malaria is most often fatal – by 39 percent four years after it was administered. Its efficacy was further reduced to 4.4 percent seven years afterward. Vaccines against viruses and bacteria typically have protection rates of more than 90 percent.Vaccine makeoverRelated StoriesHPV vaccine has led to a dramatic reduction in cervical cancer rates, but Africa is lagging behindUM scientists receive $3.3 million NIH contract to develop opioid addiction vaccineMosquito surveillance in Madagascar reveals new insight into malaria transmissionMost vaccines are designed to encourage the human body to respond to invading, disease-causing pathogens by creating antibodies that disable those pathogens. OHSU’s new vaccine takes a different approach by using a weakened form of a common herpes virus – cytomegalovirus, or CMV – that infects most people without causing disease.Früh and his colleagues weave tiny bits of their target pathogen into CMV. Those who receive the resulting, re-engineered CMV vaccine produce memory T-cells that can search for and destroy pathogen-infected cells. Studies have shown this approach enables vaccinated nonhuman primates to develop and maintain a high state of immunity years later.The CMV vaccine platform has been licensed by Vir Biotechnology, Inc., of San Francisco, which plans to lead a human clinical trial for a CMV-based HIV vaccine in 2019. The same basic platform is also being used in a new TB vaccine, and is now the basis for this malaria vaccine.Nuts & boltsFrüh and his colleagues pursued a malaria vaccine because they noticed the memory T-cells their CMV-based vaccine produce exist in high concentrations in the liver, where the malaria parasite hides out shortly after infecting a human.They developed two different versions of their CMV-based malaria vaccine while using four different proteins made by the Plasmodium parasite. The resulting vaccines delayed the parasite’s appearance in the blood of 16 infected and vaccinated rhesus macaques by eliminating between 75 and 80 percent of parasites from the liver. A year later, the vaccinated nonhuman primates still had immunity against malaria, while eight control animals that weren’t vaccinated did not.In an effort to make their vaccine 100 percent protective against malaria, the research team will evaluate 15 different Plasmodium-made proteins for the vaccine. They will also examine combining their CMV-based vaccine with other experimental vaccines or the existing RTS,S vaccine. Source:https://www.ohsu.edu/last_img read more

New study reveals five facts about allergies to vaccines

first_img Immunoglobulin E (IgE)-mediated allergies to vaccines are extremely uncommon. Responding to a vaccine with hives, swelling, wheezing or anaphylaxis happens in about one of 760,000 vaccinations. It will start within minutes of the vaccination, is unlikely to begin after 60 minutes and highly unlikely to occur after four hours. Signs like fever, local pain or local swelling are not signs of allergy. These responses to a vaccine may happen as much as seven to 21 days after a vaccination, but they are not an allergic reaction. With the exception of the yellow fever vaccine, an egg allergy is no reason to avoid vaccinations. No special precaution is needed when people who have an egg allergy have an influenza, MMR (mumps, measles and rubella vaccines given together), or rabies vaccination because the amount of egg protein it may contain is too minuscule, says the Public Health Agency of Canada and the Canadian Pediatric Society. It may be a reaction to the rubber stopper. If you have a latex allergy, it will be the rubber stopper or preloaded syringe, not the vaccine that causes a problem. Your allergist can safely vaccinate you. If you really do have a vaccine allergy, allergists can help immunize you through techniques such as graded administration, or giving the vaccine a little at a time.​ Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Apr 8 2019There is little chance you are actually allergic to vaccines and, if you are, your allergist can give it to you.Only one in 760,000 vaccinations will respond with anaphylaxis. For all other side effects, there are ways around any problem.Five facts about allergies to vaccines, pulled together by two McMaster University physicians, were published today in the Canadian Medical Association Journal (CMAJ). Derek Chu is a fellow in clinical immunology and allergy in the Department of Medicine and Zainab Abdurrahman is an assistant clinical professor in the Department of Pediatrics.Related StoriesHPV vaccine has led to a dramatic reduction in cervical cancer rates, but Africa is lagging behind$3.1 million NIH funding awarded to develop universal flu vaccineResearchers develop improved vaccine for meningitis and bloodstream infectionsFive things to know about vaccine allergies are: Source:https://www.mcmaster.ca/last_img read more

New device makes encapsulating cells much faster cheaper and more effective

first_img Source:https://news.ok.ubc.ca/2019/04/25/ubc-okanagan-engineers-make-injectable-tissues-a-reality/ Reviewed by James Ives, M.Psych. (Editor)Apr 26 2019A simple injection that can help regrow damaged tissue has long been the dream of physicians and patients alike. A new study from researchers at UBC Okanagan moves that dream closer to reality with a device that makes encapsulating cells much faster, cheaper and more effective.”The idea of injecting different kinds of tissue cells is not a new one,” says Keekyoung Kim, assistant professor of engineering at UBC Okanagan and study co-author. “It’s an enticing concept because by introducing cells into damaged tissue, we can supercharge the body’s own processes to regrow and repair an injury.”Kim says everything from broken bones to torn ligaments could benefit from this kind of approach and suggests even whole organs could be repaired as the technology improves.Related StoriesRetina can restructure itself following gene therapyAbcam Acquire Off-The-Shelf Diploid Library of Over 2,800 Knockout Cell LinesExciting study shows how centrioles center the process of cell divisionThe problem, he says, is that cells on their own are delicate and tend not to survive when injected directly into the body.”It turns out that to ensure cell survival, they need to be encased in a coating that protects them from physical damage and from the body’s own immune system,” says Mohamed Gamal, doctoral student in biomedical engineering and study lead author. “But it has been extremely difficult to do that kind of cell encapsulation, which has until now been done in a very costly, time consuming and wasteful process.”Kim and Gamal have solved that problem by developing an automated encapsulation device that encases many cells in a microgel using a specialized blue laser and purifies them to produce a clean useable sample in just a few minutes. The advantage of their system is that over 85 per cent of the cells survive and the process can be easily scaled up.”Research in this area has been hampered by the cost and lack of availability of mass-produced cell encapsulated microgels,” says Kim. “We’ve solved that problem and our system could provide thousands or even tens of thousands of cell-encapsulated microgels rapidly, supercharging this field of bioengineering.”In addition to developing a system that’s quick and efficient, Gamal says the equipment is made up of readily available and inexpensive components.”Any lab doing this kind of work could set up a similar system anywhere from a few hundred to a couple of thousand dollars, which is pretty affordable for lab equipment,” says Gamal.The team is already looking at the next step, which will be to embed different kinds of stem cells–cells that haven’t yet differentiated into specific tissue types–into the microgels alongside specialized proteins or hormones called growth factors. The idea would be to help the stem cells transform into the appropriate tissue type once they’re injected.”I’m really excited to see where this technology goes next and what our encapsulated stem cells are capable of.”last_img read more

Amazon warehouses dont lead to broad job growth in counties study finds

Citation: Amazon warehouses don’t lead to broad job growth in counties, study finds (2018, February 7) retrieved 18 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2018-02-amazon-warehouses-dont-broad-job.html This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. An Amazon executive cites the number of jobs that the company plans to fill. Elected officials thank Amazon and praise the vibrancy of their business community. And, sometimes, they predict benefits that will flow from Amazon’s investment.Middletown, Del., Mayor Kenneth Branner, for example, said an Amazon facility announced in 2012 would “be a jump start to our economy and bring additional employment growth to our area.”A new study challenges that premise, finding that counties that house a new Amazon depot show no growth in the number of total jobs in the wider economy during the two years after a facility’s opening.”Amazon, when it opens a fulfillment center, does add warehousing jobs,” said Ben Zipperer, an economist at the Economic Policy Institute (EPI) and a co-author of the study released last week, using Amazon’s term for its warehouses, which tend to employ between 500 and 1,500 people each. “But those don’t really translate to any sort of broad-based economic growth in the county that they open the centers in.”In the absence of an obvious hiring boom, the study’s authors contend that mayors and state officials should refrain from spending public dollars and providing tax breaks to secure Amazon’s commitment to build warehouses in their region.The report is the latest fodder for the debate about Amazon’s growing role in the U.S. economy, and the use of public funds to offset the costs of the company’s rapid expansion.The Seattle company’s warehousing footprint has expanded dramatically in recent years, as Amazon placed depots closer to major population centers to deliver packages quicker and cheaper. The company had fewer than 10 centers through the mid-2000s, the study says, and was nearing 100 by the end of 2017.In the process, the company has become the second-largest U.S.-based employer, trailing only Walmart. Critics have scrutinized the high-pressure working conditions present in its warehousing arm, as well as the public subsidies spent to lure warehouses in the first place.”They are clearly opening a lot more fulfillment centers, this is a big development in our economy,” Zipperer said. “Local governments are more or less falling over themselves to attract Amazon. That raises the question, what are you actually getting when you basically sacrifice future tax revenue? How big is that trade off?” When Amazon discloses its plans to build a new warehouse, the news release is predictable. Amazon to build fulfillment center employing 1,500 near Orlando airport Explore further In one case cited by Good Jobs First, a corporate subsidy watchdog that has criticized payments to Amazon, Chattanooga, Tenn., offered Amazon $30 million in property tax rebates, 80 acres of free land and $4 million in state payments to prepare the site for a warehouse built in the area that came online in 2011. .In a statement last week, Amazon pushed back against the EPI study.The company says it employed more than 200,000 people in the U.S. in 2016, and estimates that its spending led to the creation of another 200,000 jobs outside the company, including temporary construction jobs. (Amazon didn’t provide a breakdown of how many of those jobs were created by high-paying corporate and software development positions, versus the lower-paying roles in warehousing and logistics.)”These data points are not demonstrative of our current network, community impact, and both the direct and indirect job creation near fulfillment centers,” the statement said.Michael Mandel, an economist with the Progressive Policy Institute who contends that e-commerce jobs of the sort Amazon creates reduce income inequality, criticized the EPI study in a blog post. He noted that the study didn’t include in its data set the case of Kenosha, Wisconsin, home to an Amazon warehouse since 2015 that has seen stronger employment growth than the state as a whole.Zipperer said EPI limited its study to counties with warehouse employment data in a Bureau of Labor Statistics database available for the period between 2001 and 2015.The study examined 54 Amazon fulfillment centers located in 34 U.S. counties, which the authors say covered about three-fourths of Amazon’s warehousing network as it stood in 2015. The authors limited their sample to warehouses opened by that year, an effort to evaluate employment changes in the years following the opening.”We used the data we had, and tried to compare apples to apples,” Zipperer said. “We will almost surely update this, the more data we get.”EPI, based in Washington, D.C., describes itself as a nonpartisan think tank that advocates for worker-friendly policies. About 30 percent of its funding comes from labor unions.Zipperer said he had two theories as to why Amazon didn’t show up as a larger contributor to employment in his data.”The most charitable explanation that would mesh with our findings is Amazon is creating jobs, but they’re not that many to actually detect as a (meaningful) addition to overall employment,” Zipperer said. Warehousing has historically been a small employer, he said, accounting for about 1 percent of total employment in most areas covered by the study.The other possibility, he said, is that Amazon warehouse jobs “are just pulling people away from other sectors of the economy,” he said. “Some retail worker is now going to take a job at the warehouse.” ©2018 The Seattle Times Distributed by Tribune Content Agency, LLC. read more

Slowing digitalad growth could force change on Google

first_img Explore further While Google has dominated the online ad market for almost the entirety of its existence, its first quarter earnings report suggests that competitors may be nipping at its heels. Investors pushed down the stock of Google’s parent company, Alphabet, more than 7% in after-hours trading Monday after it reported revenue that fell short of analyst expectations. That dip could shave more than $65 billion from Alphabet’s market value if it holds when the markets open Tuesday.Google’s advertising revenue, its key moneymaker, grew by 15 percent to $30.7 billion—slower than investors had hoped. Its digital-ad rivals Facebook and Amazon, meanwhile, both reported strong earnings last week, adding to the investor surprise when Alphabet stumbled despite a strong economy.Alphabet executives deflected concerns of growing competition on a conference call with analysts Monday, instead suggesting that fluctuating currency rates and changes to Google ad products during the quarter led to the slowdown. The online-ad industry is also still in a yearslong shift to phone and tablet ads and away from ones aimed at desktop users. Ads for mobile devices bring in less money.Still, the results sparked concerns that Google’s enormously profitable advertising machine might be starting to sputter. Some analysts suggested it’s a signal that Google might need to diversify its business more quickly.”Does this put more pressure on Google to make more aggressive bets on cloud?” asked Wedbush Securities analyst Dan Ives. Google executives highlighted the company’s cloud-computing business as one of its fastest growing segments during the Monday call. But the cloud currently accounts for only a small slice of Alphabet’s overall revenue. The company reported $5.4 billion in “other” revenue, which includes cloud, hardware and Play Store purchases.Hardware sales also slowed during the quarter for the Pixel phone, Google chief financial officer Ruth Porat said on Monday’s call, reflecting a broader industry slowdown in smartphone sales.Alphabet reported a first-quarter profit of $8.3 billion, down 6% from $8.9 billion in the year-earlier period. Profit amounted to $11.90 per share, well above Wall Street estimates of $10.60.That figure doesn’t include an expected charge of $1.7 billion to account for a European Union antitrust fine. The fine was imposed in March for anti-competitive practices in Google’s advertising business, referring to a specific exclusivity practice Google now says it has ended. Google and Facebook, along with other internet companies, are feeling rising heat from regulatory bodies around the world as people and governments question their privacy practices. Some regulators express concern that the largest companies are so big that they’re stifling competition.Including the fine, Alphabet’s profit of $6.7 billion fell short of analyst estimates. Excluding advertising commissions that Google pays to customers, Alphabet’s overall revenue was $29.5 billion—also falling short of the $30 billion analysts were expecting.Alphabet also reported widening losses in its “Other Bets” category—a broad segment that includes experimental ventures such as self-driving car business Waymo and internet-balloon subsidiary Loon. Losses grew to $868 million from $571 million a year ago. This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. EU fine on Google weighs on parent Alphabet profits In this Dec. 17, 2018, file photo a woman walks past Google offices in New York. Alphabet Inc., parent company of Google, reports financial results on Monday, April 29, 2019. (AP Photo/Mark Lennihan, File) © 2019 The Associated Press. All rights reserved. Citation: Slowing digital-ad growth could force change on Google (2019, April 30) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-04-digital-ad-growth-google.html This Wednesday, April 26, 2017, file photo shows the Google mobile phone icon, in Philadelphia. Google has dominated the online ad market for almost the entirety of its existence, but its 2019 first quarter earnings report suggests that competitors may be nipping at its heels. (AP Photo/Matt Rourke, File)last_img read more

Signals to noise in acoustic vehicles alerting systems

first_img Explore further More information: Genuit’s presentation #1pNS4, “How to design Vehicle Alert signals?,” will be at 2:35 p.m., Monday, May 13, in the Segell room of the Galt House in Louisville, Kentucky.Weinandy’s presentation #1pNS5, “Should Hybrid and Electric Vehicles Have Acoustic Alerting Systems?,” will be at 2:55 p.m., Monday, May 13, in the Segell room of the Galt House in Louisville, Kentucky.acousticalsociety.org/asa-meetings/ Provided by Acoustical Society of America Citation: Signals to noise in acoustic vehicles alerting systems (2019, May 13) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-noise-acoustic-vehicles.html Hearing hybrid and electric vehicles while quieting noise pollutioncenter_img This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Already, acoustics specialists are examining how best to address potential harms posed by quiet cars. For pedestrians who have limited vision or who are blind, quiet vehicles could be particularly dangerous, and the European Union will require any future electric or hybrid vehicles to include acoustic vehicle alerting systems, or AVAS.Two acoustics experts, Klaus Genuit and Rene Weinandy, are studying the implications of future use of AVAS. Genuit, founder of HEAD acoustics GmbH, a company that provides sound and vibration analysis, is studying how best to design vehicle alert signals, while Rene Weinandy, head of Noise Abatement in Transport for the German Environment Agency, is evaluating whether AVAS should be used at all. They will present their work at the 177th Meeting of the Acoustical Society of America, which takes place May 13-17 at the Galt House in Louisville, Kentucky.Though AVAS could improve vehicle safety, they are also likely to replace the traffic noise that electric cars are designed, in part, to help eliminate. Requirements for AVAS to contain different tones and frequencies could quickly lead to a cacophonous soundscape, like New York City at rush hour. It may also defeat the purpose of AVAS: the collective noise could drown out any meaning of the signals to the people they are meant to protect.Genuit, a psycho-acoustical expert, hopes to help solve this problem by reviewing different acoustic signal designs and evaluating their detectability, localization, and sound quality.”An alert signal is only effective if it happens in very specific situations,” said Genuit. “All published results are showing only examples of one car with a warning signal. It was not considered what happens if several cars are producing warning signals.” Genuit added that this cacophony could also be distracting to drivers.Meanwhile, Weinandy wondered if electric vehicles should have acoustic alerting systems in the first place. The EU has legislated certain required aspects of AVAS, which include sound continuously emitting from speakers on the cars.Noise can be annoying and distracting, but, Weinandy points out, can also be an environment poison considering its ill effects on health.”It is a synthetic, increasing sound that is supposed to be similar to an internal combustion engine vehicle startup,” said Weinandy of AVAS. “The question is, what are the downsides this noise poses? Is it really a wise decision to increase the noticeability of electric vehicles in traffic by making them spray poison? Now regulations on the so-called AVAS for electric cars have been cast into laws both in the U.S. and Europe without scientific proof of their effectiveness and adequate consideration of their negative side effects. Neither have less harmful alternatives been systematically sought for and investigated.”The German Environment Agency is currently working to reduce existing roadway noise and is now evaluating alternatives to AVAS. Experts like Genuit will help improve the sound quality of any AVAS that are introduced, as well as the sound quality of the environmental noise.”If we really use warning signals instead of more intelligent systems like car-to-pedestrian communication using smartphones, then we have to consider the following aspects: detectability, is it localizable, elimination of strong tones to avoid disharmony and roughness, and elimination of pitch shifting,” said Genuit. “A suitable signal should be developed based on a modulated broadband noise whereas the slope of the envelope gives the information about acceleration and speed.” If you’ve ever wished for a quieter commute, you may be in luck: The low-emission electric vehicles of tomorrow are expected to lower noise pollution as well as air pollution. In Europe, and across the world, the prospect of a future powered by environmentally friendly electric vehicles is leading experts to consider the benefits—and the risks—of quieter traffic.last_img read more

Plan B Huaweis operating system headache after Android ban

first_img It is a possibility for which the Shenzhen-based firm, the world’s second-largest smartphone maker by sales, has been preparing for years—reportedly since 2012—by building an operating system of its own.Huawei has acknowledged its existence, but the platform remains shrouded in mystery.”We have prepared our own operating system. If it should be the case that we can no longer use these systems (like Android)… we would therefore need to be well-armed,” Richard Yu, CEO of Huawei’s Consumer Business Group, told German newspaper Die Welt in an interview published in March.”That is our Plan B. But we would of course prefer to work together with the ecosystems provided by Google and Microsoft.”That system could now become more important than ever to Huawei.Washington last week imposed a ban on the sale or transfer of American technology to the firm—which could impact hundreds of millions of Huawei phones and tablets around the world.Google has said it will comply with the US restrictions, and bar Huawei from access to some core components of Android and its proprietary services. Google v Huawei hits millions of smartphone users Google partially barring Huawei from its Android operating system has presented the Chinese giant with a major challenge Google’s decision to partially cut off Huawei devices from its Android operating system has presented the Chinese tech titan with one of its most dramatic challenges yet: how to keep up with the competition if it cannot use the platform that powers nearly every other smartphone in the world? While both Google and Huawei have reassured users that their phones will continue to function as normal, this could present major problems for Huawei, and apps on its phones could become unusable if it does not have access to code licensed by Google to phone makers.And if the ban is not lifted, it could also run into trouble when the next version of Android is rolled out, because Huawei would not have the kind of access enjoyed by its rivals such as Samsung.Its own platform, currently undergoing trials, is named “HongMeng” and “will gradually replace the Android system”, China’s state-owned Global Times said Monday, citing other local media reports without more details.’Exceptionally difficult’In developing a possible successor to Android on its devices, Huawei is attempting something other industry behemoths like Microsoft and Samsung have failed to do: create a platform that attracts both users and app developers.The technical development is just one aspect of the challenge, analysts say. It takes years to build trust and confidence among app makers to write and sell software on the platform, and to convince users to adopt it. Huawei executive Richard Yu has acknowledged the existence of the firm’s own operating system “Just look to players like Nokia, BlackBerry and Microsoft that have all failed recently in similar endeavours,” he told AFP, adding that Huawei would have to deal with a “competitive disadvantage” as its rivals will feature core Android services.Without full access to Android and popular Google services, Huawei—which has launched its products at glitzy ceremonies in major markets around the world—could find it difficult to convince customers to choose its phones over those pushed by rivals.Microsoft pulled the plug on its Windows Phone platform earlier this year, and Samsung’s Tizen system is barely known compared with Android and Apple’s iOS, which runs iPhones and iPads.Huawei knows “that being a big telecom company, you have to have your own core technology eventually”, Wong Kam Fai, a professor at the Chinese University of Hong Kong, told AFP.”They have it, but they are not ready for production yet. It would have been better if this thing happened two or three years later, but it is happening now so they just have to speed up.” © 2019 AFP Citation: ‘Plan B’: Huawei’s operating system headache after Android ban (2019, May 21) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-05-huawei-headache-android.html Building an operating system “is exceptionally difficult to do well and to do successfully”, said Ryan Whalen, deputy director of the Law and Technology Centre at the University of Hong Kong. Explore further Google’s Android domintes the market, running most smartphones in the world This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only.last_img read more

Medical drones for accident and emergency

first_img More information: Sushil Raj Poudel et al. Drone transportation cost analysis for emergency medical products, International Journal of Business Continuity and Risk Management (2019). DOI: 10.1504/IJBCRM.2019.100416 This document is subject to copyright. Apart from any fair dealing for the purpose of private study or research, no part may be reproduced without the written permission. The content is provided for information purposes only. Remote or computer-controlled aircraft, commonly referred to as “drones” could revolutionize the way in which emergency medical supplies, such as bags of blood plasma, are delivered to areas hit by disaster, accidents or other life-threatening situations. Of course, drones are costly and require skilled operators. Writing in the International Journal of Business Continuity and Risk Management, a team from the U.S. has undertaken a cost analysis of using drones for this purpose. Provided by Inderscience Rwanda hopes to use drones to deliver medical suppliescenter_img Explore further The team hoped to show that the delivery of emergency supplies using drones is economically viable in the context of road-traffic accidents. By looking at a range of scenarios where drones might be used the team’s cost analysis supports their hopes, especially as the timely use of drones rather than ground vehicles could ultimately be a matter of life and death. Their particular focus could readily be generalized to other emergency situations given adequate additional data and the construction of appropriate scenarios for other types of emergency.The team’s analysis focused on two locations in Florida, one near Tampa, the other near Orlando. Both areas have at least one fatality every week due to a road traffic accident and so an improvement in the medical response in those areas could have a significant impact on total lives lost each year in the state. Of course, a road traffic accident will inevitably increase the level of congestion on already congested road networks and make it more difficult for paramedics and ambulances to reach the accident quickly. The use of drones could allow equipment and supplies to get to a site where paramedics may well have arrived on a motorbike, for instance. Citation: Medical drones for accident and emergency (2019, July 12) retrieved 17 July 2019 from https://phys.org/news/2019-07-medical-drones-accident-emergency.htmllast_img read more

Indiana Jones Meets Star Wars in Archaeology From Space Enter to Win

first_imgWhat is it like to uncover the mysteries of ancient civilizations … from space? Archaeologist Sarah Parcak is a pioneer in the field of space archaeology, using images from satellites orbiting high above Earth to detect long-buried signs of cultures that thrived millennia ago. Her work in Egypt resulted in a breakthrough map of the legendary city of Tanis, made famous in the movie “Raiders of the Lost Ark.” But while Parcak’s fictional counterpart Indiana Jones dug through dusty sand and crawled through jungles to reach remote sites, much of Parcak’s work is conducted on computers, analyzing images that use infrared and lasers to peer below the ground and reveal ancient secrets hidden far below.OTD in Space – July 17: X-15 Breaks Altitude RecordOn July 17, 1962, the American test pilot Bob White broke the world record for the highest altitude flight. He took off from Edwards Air Force Base in a rocket-powered X-15 aircraft and made it to an altitude of 314,750 feet. That’s almost 60 miles! At the time, the Air Force considered the edge of space to be 50 miles above the Earth. So White received astronaut wings for his record-breaking spaceflight.Your Recommended PlaylistVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放OTD in Space – July 16: Apollo 11 Launches to the Moon00:43关闭选项Automated Captions – en-US facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65918-archaeology-from-space-giveaway.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0000:3400:34  In Parcak’s new book “Archaeology from Space: How the Future Shapes Our Past” (Henry Holt and Company, 2019), she offers readers a tantalizing glimpse of the technologies that make space archaeology possible; she also reveals extraordinary discoveries that satellites have brought to the surface for the first time in thousands of years. Live Science sits down with Parcak on Facebook Live today (July 12) at 11:30 a.m. ET, for an interview about her book and her two decades of field work spanning five continents. We’ll also be giving away two copies of “Archaeology from Space” (one copy per winner). To participate, leave a comment on the post by 12:01 a.m on July 15. Winners will be selected at random. The contest rules are below. Don’t forget to check Facebook and Twitter for updates on this contest and other live-video events. ‘Archaeology From Space: How the Future Shapes Our Past’ Giveaway Official Rules NO PURCHASE NECESSARY. Open to legal residents of 50 U.S & D.C., 18 or older. Employees, agents, officers & directors of Future plc (“Sponsor”), its parent, subsidiaries, affiliates & advertising & promotion agencies (collectively with Facebook, Inc., “Released Parties”) & members of their immediate family (spouse, parent, children, siblings & their respective spouses, regardless of where they reside) & persons living in the same household, whether or not related, are not eligible. Void where prohibited. Subject to all applicable federal, state & local laws. HOW TO ENTER: At any time between 11:30 a.m. ET on Friday, July 12, 2019, and 12:30 a.m. ET on Monday, July 15, 2019 (the “Entry Period”), visit the Live Science page on Facebook (“Event Page”), find the post about the giveaway and leave a comment to the post. If, for whatever reason, the Event is cancelled or postponed, this giveaway will not occur. Entries generated by script, macro or other automated means or by any means that subvert the entry process are void. Limit one (1) entry per person/Facebook ID. Multiple entries will be void. Entries become the sole property of Sponsor. Entry must not be offensive or inappropriate, as determined by Sponsor in its sole discretion. Sponsor reserves the right to disqualify any entry and remove any comment that it determines, in its sole discretion, is not in compliance with these Official Rules or is otherwise not in keeping with Sponsor’s image. WINNER DETERMINATION: Three winners will be randomly selected from the eligible individuals who posted comments during the Entry Period. If, by the end of the Entry Period, no eligible comments are provided, the prize will not be awarded. Odds of winning depend on the number of eligible entries received. WINNER NOTIFICATION: Potential winners will be notified via a comment on his/her winning post and via Facebook Messenger & he/she will have 24 hours from notification to respond to Sponsor. The failure to respond to such notification or the potential winner’s noncompliance with these Official Rules may result in disqualification, & at Sponsor’s sole discretion, prize may be awarded to an alternate winner. Prize: A copy of “Archaeology From Space: How the Future Shapes Our Past” (2 prizes available). Approximate Retail Value: $30.00. Total Prize is awarded “as is” with no warranty or guarantee, either express or implied. Winner is responsible for all federal, state & local taxes. Winner may not substitute, assign or transfer prize, but Sponsor reserves the right, at its sole discretion, to substitute prize (or portion thereof) with one of comparable or greater value. Prize cannot be redeemed for cash. All prize details are at Sponsor’s sole discretion. GRANT OF RIGHTS: By submitting an entry, each entrant grants to Sponsor and its licensees, successors and assigns an irrevocable, perpetual, unlimited, royalty-free, fully paid-up license to reproduce, distribute, display, exhibit, exploit, perform, edit, create derivatives of, & otherwise use the entry & all elements of such entry, together with any other material, and the name, user name, city & state of residence, voice, image and/or likeness of entrant, in any & all media now known or hereafter devised, in any manner, in whole or in part, worldwide, without compensation or notification to, or permission from, entrant or any third party, for any purpose whatsoever, including without limitation, for purposes of advertising or trade.  CONDITIONS: By participating, each entrant agrees: (a) to abide by these Official Rules & decisions of Sponsor & judges, which shall be final & binding in all respects relating to this giveaway; and (b) to release, discharge & hold harmless Released Parties from any & all injuries, liability, losses & damages of any kind to persons, including death, or property resulting, in whole or in part, directly or indirectly, from entrant’s participation in the Giveaway or the acceptance or use of prize.  Released Parties are not responsible for (i) lost, late, incomplete, damaged, inaccurate, stolen, delayed, misdirected, undelivered or garbled entries; or (ii) errors or difficulties of any kind, whether human, mechanical, electronic, computer, network, typographical, printing or otherwise, relating to or in connection with the giveaway, including, without limitation, errors or difficulties which may occur in connection with the administration of the giveaway, the processing of entries, the announcement of the prize or in any giveaway-related materials.  Persons who tamper with or abuse any aspect of the giveaway or the Event Page, who act in an unsportsmanlike or disruptive manner or who are in violation of these Official Rules, as solely determined by Sponsor, will be disqualified & all associated entries will be void. Should any portion of the giveaway be, in Sponsor’s sole opinion, compromised by virus, worms, bugs, nonauthorized human intervention or other causes which, in the sole opinion of the Sponsor, corrupt or impair the administration, security, fairness or proper play, or submission of entries, Sponsor reserves the right at its sole discretion to suspend, modify or terminate the giveaway & if terminated, at its discretion, select winner as deemed fair & appropriate by Sponsor. Information submitted in connection with this giveaway will be used in accordance with Sponsor’s Privacy Policy, available at https://www.futureplc.com/privacy-policy/.   WINNERS’ NAMES: Winners’ names will be posted on the Event Page following the end of the giveaway.  Sponsor: Future plc, 11 West 42nd Street, 15th Floor, New York, New York 10036. This giveaway is in no way sponsored, endorsed or administered by, or associated with, Facebook. You understand that you are providing your information to Sponsor & not to Facebook. Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoBeverly Hills MDHow To Fill In Wrinkles At HomeBeverly Hills MDUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoArticles VallyDad Cuts Daughter’s Hair Off For Getting Birthday Highlights, Then Mom Does The UnthinkableArticles VallyUndoKelley Blue Book2019 Lexus Vehicles Worth Buying for Their Resale ValueKelley Blue BookUndoGundry MD Total Restore SupplementU.S. Cardiologist: It’s Like a Pressure Wash for Your InsidesGundry MD Total Restore SupplementUndolast_img read more

Barry Becomes a Hurricane Barrels Toward Louisiana Coast

first_img 5 Things Hurricane Sandy Changed for Good Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoBeverly Hills MDTop Plastic Surgeon Reveals: “You Can Fill In Wrinkles At Home” (Here’s How)Beverly Hills MDUndoGundry MD Total Restore SupplementU.S. Cardiologist: It’s Like a Pressure Wash for Your InsidesGundry MD Total Restore SupplementUndoFinance101What Are The Best States To Retire In?Finance101UndoWeeklyPennyCalifornia Woman Was Playing on This Free Slot Machine App, When All Of A Sudden She Won BigWeeklyPenny Hurricane Katrina History and Numbers (Infographic) Hurricane Barry is barreling northwest toward Louisiana, packing maximum sustained winds of 75 mph (120 km/h), with heavy rain, storm surges and dangerous winds expected along the northwest Gulf Coast. As of 11 a.m. ET, Barry was moving northwest in the Gulf of Mexico at 6 mph (9 km/h), and its eye was about 40 miles (65 kilometers) south of Lafayette, Louisiana, and about 50 miles (80 km) west of Morgan City, Louisiana. Hurricane forecasters expect the hurricane to lose strength over the next few hours, getting downgraded back to a tropical storm. The National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) has issued a hurricane warning from Louisiana’s Intracoastal City to Grand Isle, meaning hurricane conditions are expected somewhere in that area over the next 36 hours or so.Headbutting Tiny Worms Are Really, Really LoudThis rapid strike produces a loud ‘pop’ comparable to those made by snapping shrimps, one of the most intense biological sounds measured at sea.Your Recommended PlaylistVolume 0%Press shift question mark to access a list of keyboard shortcutsKeyboard Shortcutsplay/pauseincrease volumedecrease volumeseek forwardsseek backwardstoggle captionstoggle fullscreenmute/unmuteseek to %SPACE↑↓→←cfm0-9接下来播放Why Is It ‘Snowing’ Salt in the Dead Sea?01:53 facebook twitter 发邮件 reddit 链接https://www.livescience.com/65932-hurricane-barry-barrels-toward-louisiana.html?jwsource=cl已复制直播00:0000:3500:35  Barry is expected to turn toward the north-northwest tonight, followed by a turn toward the north on Sunday (July 14), NOAA said. The center of the storm is forecast to move through southern Louisiana today and central Louisiana tonight. Then on Sunday, it should be churning through northern Louisiana, NOAA forecasts. “A lot of rainfall still yet to come out in the Gulf of Mexico,” NOAA National Hurricane Center director Ken Graham said during a Facebook Live at 11 a.m. ET. The rainfall will then start to impact portions of Louisiana, including New Orleans, he said. Because of the high winds, there’s a chance of tornadoes spinning off Barry. “A few tornadoes are possible through tonight across the southeast Louisiana, southern Mississippi and southern Alabama,” according to NOAA’s forecast. A History of Destruction: 8 Great Hurricaneslast_img read more

12000 Years Ago a Boy Had His Skull Squashed into a Cone

first_img Archaeologists have found reshaped human skulls all around the world, from every inhabited continent. But this particular finding, if confirmed, “will [be] the earliest evidence of the intentional head modification, which lasted for 7,000 years at the same site after its first emergence,” Wang told Live Science. The 11 ICM individuals died between ages 3 and 40, indicating that skull shaping began at a young age, when human skulls are still malleable, Wang said. It’s unclear why this particular culture practiced skull modification, but it’s possible that fertility, social status and beauty could be factors, Wang said. The people with ICM buried at Houtaomuga were likely from a privileged class, as these individuals tended to have grave goods and funeral decorations. “Apparently, these youth were treated with a decent funeral, which might suggest a high socioeconomic class,” Wang said. The 25 Most Mysterious Archaeological Finds on Earth Originally published on Live Science.by Taboolaby TaboolaSponsored LinksSponsored LinksPromoted LinksPromoted LinksYou May LikeVikings: Free Online GamePlay this for 1 min and see why everyone is addicted!Vikings: Free Online GameUndoTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionOne Thing All Liars Have in Common, Brace YourselfTruthFinder People Search SubscriptionUndoGundry MD Total Restore SupplementU.S. Cardiologist: It’s Like a Pressure Wash for Your InsidesGundry MD Total Restore SupplementUndoKelley Blue Book2019 Lexus Vehicles Worth Buying for Their Resale ValueKelley Blue BookUndoLivestlyThe List Of Dog Breeds To Avoid At All CostsLivestlyUndoBirch Gold GroupThis IRS Tax Law is Sweeping the U.S.Birch Gold GroupUndo Back to the Stone Age: 17 Key Milestones in Paleolithic Life The M72 skull is between 6,300 and 5,500 years old. Credit: Qian Wang An excavation at the site during 2010. Credit: Lixin Wang 25 Grisly Archaeological Discoveries Even though the Houtaomuga man is the oldest known case of ICM in history, it’s a mystery whether other known instances of ICM spread from this group, or whether they rose independently of one another, Wang said. “It is still too early to claim intentional cranial modification first emerged in East Asia and spread elsewhere; it may have originated independently in different places,” Wang said. More ancient DNA research and skull examinations throughout the world may shed light on this practice’s spread, he said. The study was published online June 25 in the American Journal of Physical Anthropology. Ancient people in China practiced human head-shaping about 12,000 years ago — meaning they bound some children’s maturing skulls, encouraging the heads to grow into elongated ovals — making them the oldest group on record to purposefully squash their skulls, a new study finds. While excavating a Neolithic site (the last period of the Stone Age) at Houtaomuga, Jilin province, in northeast China, the archaeologists found 11 elongated skulls — belonging to both males and females and ranging from toddlers to adults — that showed signs of deliberate skull reshaping, also known as intentional cranial modification (ICM). “This is the earliest discovery of signs of intentional head modification in Eurasia continent, perhaps in the world,” said study co-researcher Qian Wang, an associate professor in the Department of Biomedical Sciences at the Texas A&M University College of Dentistry. “If this practice began in East Asia, it likely spread westward to the Middle East, Russia and Europe through the steppes as well as eastward across the Bering land bridge to the Americas.” [In Images: An Ancient Long-headed Woman Reconstructed] The Houtaomuga site is a treasure trove, holding burials and artifacts from 12,000 to 5,000 years ago. During an excavation there between 2011 and 2015, archaeologists found the remains of 25 individuals, 19 of which were preserved enough to be studied for ICM. After putting these skulls in a CT scanner, which produced 3D digital images of each specimen, the researchers confirmed that 11 had indisputable signs of skull shaping, such as flattening and elongation of the frontal bone, or forehead. The oldest ICM skull belonged to an adult male, who lived between 12,027 and 11,747 years ago, according to radiocarbon dating.last_img read more

LJP issues ultimatum to BJP over dilution of SCST Act

first_img SHARE SHARE EMAIL Paswan’s party wants NGT chief sacked; threatens to join protests on Aug 10 After the Shiv Sena refusedto vote in favour of the National Democratic Alliance (NDA) in the no-confidence motion last week, the ruling BJP saw another partner issue a warning signal on Friday.Union Minister Ram Vilas Paswan’s Lok Janshakti Party (LJP) underlined that its support to the BJP was “issue-based”, as it sought the restoration of stringent measures in an Act designed to deter atrocities against Dalits and tribals. The Bihar-based LJP has also demanded that Justice (retd) AK Goel be removed as Chairman of the National Green Tribunal (NGT) by August 9.Goel was one of the two judges of a Supreme Court bench whose March 2018 verdict has been widely perceived as a dilution of the original provisions of the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes (Prevention of Atrocities) Act. He was appointed the NGT Chairperson earlier this month, immediately after his retirement from the Supreme Court.The LJP said if its demands are not met, the party would join the ‘Bharat bandh’ being organised by Dalit groups on August 10 to press for restoration of the original provisions of the SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act. They said the Supreme Court order had weakened the law and that the government should restore the original Act through appropriate amendments in the ongoing Monsoon Session or bring in an Ordinance.Jamui MP and Paswan’s son Chirag, who also heads the LJP’s parliamentary board, said the patience of many within his party was wearing thin as a situation causing concern to Dalits and tribals had emerged of late.Protecting the interests of these communities was at the root of the LJP’s decision to tie up with the BJP in 2014, he told a press conference here.Meanwhile, the BJP asserted that “there is no question” of the Centre diluting provisions of the SC/ST (Prevention of Atrocities) Act.“The BJP and the Centre are committed to ensuring that the constitutionally guaranteed rights to the SCs and the STs are protected at every cost. We are very clear that the SC/ST Act will not be diluted. In fact, it was a State government led by Ms Mayawati, in Uttar Pradesh, in 2007, which sought to dilute the Act through an executive order. The BJP is committed to Dalit rights,” said party spokesperson Sudhanshu Trivedi.Chirag Paswan said that if the demands are not met, then the protests during ‘Bharat bandh’ could be worse than those of April 2, when Dalit outfits had given a similar call. More than 10 persons had died during the protest. He was joined by Ram Chandra Paswan, an LJP MP and the chief of the ‘Dalit Sena’, an outfit affiliated to the party. The Dalit Sena will be forced to join the protests on August 10 if the government does not take appropriate action, Chirag Paswan said.He, however, stopped short of issuing any direct threats to the BJP, and said the LJP had faith in Prime Minister Narendra Modi as his government had done a lot for Dalits. “We will cross the bridge when it comes,” he said, when asked if his party would consider walking out of the NDA if its demands are not met by the August 9 deadline.Chirag Paswan said incidents of atrocities against Dalits had risen following the verdict, and FIRs were not being registered by police.The LJP, which has six MPs in the Lok Sabha, draws its core support from the Dalits in Bihar and has often switched sides between rival alliances ahead of elections; Lalu Prasad has famously described the senior Paswan as a mausam vaigyanik (weather scientist). The party was a member of the UPA before it joined hands with the BJP in 2014. July 27, 2018 COMMENT Published on SHARE national politics COMMENTS Lok Janshakti Party leaders Chirag Paswan (left) and Ramchandra Paswanat a press conference in New Delhi on Friday   –  THE HINDUlast_img read more

TN 3 employees of Childrens home held for sexual abuse

first_img Three employees of a children’s home, including its director have been arrested in the district on complaints of ‘sexual abuse’ of some girl inmates, police said on Tuesday.As many as 47 children aged between 6 and 19 were staying at the private home, which was sealed Sunday following a surprise inspection carried out by the district auhtorities based on a tip-off.The District Collector Kandhasamy visited the home and ordered the inmates to be shifted to another shelter where the children were questioned.The girl inmates alleged that they were sexually abused and threatened with dire consequences if they reported the matter to anyone.The employees were arrested under POCSO Act based on a complaint from the District Collector, and remanded to judicial custody. COMMENT SHARE SHARE EMAIL November 27, 2018 Tamil Nadu Published oncenter_img Children sexual harassment SHARE COMMENTSlast_img read more

Former IPS officer moves SC for protection from Bengal cops after joining

first_img COMMENT RELATED Former IPS Officer Bharati Ghosh, who joined BJP last week, has moved the Supreme Court seeking protection from any coercive action by the West Bengal police in new corruption cases registered against her.Ghosh, once considered close to Mamata Banerjee, claimed police has registered seven FIRs against her including one lodged last week.The apex court had on October 1, last year granted her protection from arrest in a case of alleged extortion and illegal exchange of banned notes for gold.A bench of Justices A K Sikri and S Abdul Nazeer said that it will hear her application on February 19.At the outset, senior advocate Ranjit Kumar, appearing for Ghosh said that seven FIRs have been lodged against her in an incident which dates back to 2016 in which allegedly gold was taken for currency.He said police has been acting against her at different places and they should be restrained from taking any coercive action.Kumar said that protection from arrest should be granted to her like it was given last year.Senior advocate Kapil Sibal, appearing for West Bengal government opposed the plea and said she wants stay of arrest on a writ petition, which cannot be done.He said Ghosh and her Personal Security Officer were involved in the gold extortion case and other cases and they both acted together.Sibal said she was already granted protection from arrest in October, last year.The bench said it will hear her plea on February 19 in detail on a non-miscellaneous day.Political vendettaOn February 4, Ghosh has joined BJP in the presence of Union Minister Ravi Shankar Prasad and senior party leader Kailash Vijayvargiya alleging that “thugocracy” has replaced democracy in the West Bengal.Ghosh, who was the West Midnapore superintendent of police for more than six years, was transferred as commandant of the third battalion of the state armed police on December 26, 2017. She resigned from service two days later.She was once considered close to West Bengal Chief Minister Mamata Banerjee and was also awarded a service medal on August 15, 2014.Ghosh was transferred twice, once by the Election Commission before the 2014 Lok Sabha polls and the second time by the state itself before the 2016 Assembly elections.She was, however, reinstated as West Midnapore SP as soon as the elections got over on both occasions.An arrest warrant was issued against Ghosh in February, 2018 in connection with an extortion case registered at Daspur police station in West Midnapore district, following her resignation.The CID, probing cases relating to alleged extortion and misconduct against Ghosh, had also conducted raids at various properties, including a house in Kolkata that belongs to her husband M A V Raju.A few police officers of inspector and sub-inspector ranks have been arrested by the CID in connection with the probe. state politics Bengal Govt executes EC order, removes seven officials The Apex court to hear Bharati Ghosh’s application on February 19 February 11, 2019 SHARE SHARE SHARE EMAIL Published on West Bengal Bharati Ghosh, former IPS officer of West Bengal joins BJP in the presence of senior party leader Kailash Vijayvargiya in New Delhi, on February 4, 2019.   –  PTI COMMENTSlast_img read more

Steve Sweeneys Own Union Members Question His Labor Loyalty

first_imgNew Jersey Senate President Steve Sweeney, who has feuded with public-sector unions in his state for years, makes it a point to tout his dedication to the broader labor movement. “I’m a vice president of the Ironworkers International of North America,” Mr. Sweeney, a Democrat, said in an interview last year with The Wall Street Journal. “There is no one you are going to find that is more union than me.” Fellow…last_img